Tag: featured

Word of the Day: Strake

Old wagon wheels with strakes.

A strake is a section of iron laid around the rim of a wooden cart of wagon wheel.  The purpose of the strake is to protect the wooden rim from damage.  The manufacture of the strake is the domain of the blacksmith, where the… Continue Reading “Word of the Day: Strake”

Word of the Day: Coppice

Coppice in a field of colza

A coppice (also known as a copse) is a thicket of small trees and shrubs, typically those whose slender trunks and branches (or withies) are cut periodically for a variety of uses.  The word also refers to a tree’s ability to regrow shoots from… Continue Reading “Word of the Day: Coppice”

Word of the Day: Bloomery

A bloomery in Bloomery, West Virginia

A bloomery is the earliest form of furnace used to smelt iron from its ore.  The bloomery produces a spongy mass of mixed iron and slag called a “bloom,” which is then repeatedly reheated and hammered to get rid of the slag and produce… Continue Reading “Word of the Day: Bloomery”

Word of the Day: Yelm

Thatched roof cottage, Germany

“Yelming” is part of the thatcher’s trade: to yelm is to prepare the gathered straw, sorting it by size, laying it out flat, and in some techniques, dampening it with water. According to James Arnold in his amazing book The Shell Book of Country… Continue Reading “Word of the Day: Yelm”

Word of the Day: Propolis

Propolis at the edge of a beehive

Propolis, also called bee glue, is an aromatic reddish substance collected by honeybees from tree buds and bark, consisting of a mixture of tree resins, balsams, and waxes which are altered by the bees’ own secretions, esp. saliva and beeswax, and used by them… Continue Reading “Word of the Day: Propolis”

Word of the Day: Ashlar

Ashlar stonework Palazzo Rucellai Florence Italy

An ashlar is a large stone hewn to square sides, for use in building or laying pavement. It also refers to the particular method of stone masonry called ashlar or ashlar-work, which makes use of hewn stones, often made to a specific proportion, as… Continue Reading “Word of the Day: Ashlar”

Word of the Day: Fuller

Fulling Mill, by Georg Andreas Bockler

A fuller’s job is to “full” raw wool; that is, to remove the lanolin and other greasy impurities from the fibers to whiten it and prepare it for spinning and weaving.  In the European tradition, this usually done through the use of fuller’s earth… Continue Reading “Word of the Day: Fuller”

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